What is a map ? - A map is a graphic representation or scale model of spatial concepts. It is a means for conveying geographic information. Incorporated in a map is the understanding that it is a "snapshot" of an idea.
A map can display only a few selected features, which are portrayed usually in highly symbolic styles according to some kind of classification scheme. In these ways, all maps are estimations, generalizations, and interpretations of true geographic conditions. Maps of all kinds are fundamentally important for modern society.
Modern maps:- much of the world was poorly known until the widespread use of aerial photography following World War I. Modern cartography is based on a combination of ground observations and remote sensing.
J.S. Aber (2008) Brief History of Maps and Cartography. [Online] Available at: http://academic.emporia.edu/aberjame/map/h_map/h_map.htm. [Accessed on 18-3-2011]
Maps are an increasingly common feature of artistic practice in this information addicted early 21st century, as both representations of real places and diagrams of intangible things, whether movement, data, networks or imaginary realms. Any of these works represent maps that exist in people’s mind.
The exception is Simon Clarke’s Geographically Accurate Tube Map, which shows the actual shape of the underground system
Icon Magazine. (Issue 040 October 2006).Maps by Artists. Online [Available at] http://www.iconeye.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2906 [Accessed on 18/3/2011]